December 20, 2017 belezza

More About Vegetables Are plants or parts of plants used as food. Supply many nutrients & variety to the diet Make food attractive by their colour, texture and flavour Indian Context Intake of vegetables has been too low in daily diet Expensive, need more preparation time or due to ignorance of their importance Unavailability in a particular place/season results in less consumption As they are perishable, the consumption would be limited if storage facilities are not available. Composition and Nutritive Value Protective Foods as they are rich in minerals and vitamins Nutritionally they are classified into 3 groups: -Green leafy…

December 20, 2017 belezza 1Comment

Pulses INTRODUCTION Edible fruits or seeds of pod-bearing plants : family leguminosae Keywords Legumes : Alternate name for pulses Gram : Dry legume seeds with husk Dhal : Split decorticated grains Over 13,000 plants belong to family leguminosae Nutritive value and composition Energy : 340 cal/100g 100 cal/30g (per serving) Protein Deficient in Sulphur containing amino acids e.g. methionine Pulses are rich in lysine. Cereals lack in lysine. (FAO) Soybean contains adequate tryptophan. contain mainly globulins, a few albumins. high protein content-20-40% Carbohydrate : 55-60% carbohydrates Include-starch, fibre LIPIDS- 5% lipid by dry weight. Most of the pulses contain, high…

December 20, 2017 belezza

All You Need To Know About Cereals Cereal crops or grains are mostly grasses  cultivated for their edible grains or a fruit seeds Principle crops Rice Wheat Maize or corn Jowar Ragi Bajra Nutritive Value Cereals provides Carbohydrate- starch (80%) Fiber Protein (6-12%) EFA Minerals (phsphates & sulphates of K, Mg & Ca  B-Complex vitamins   Starch Starch consist of linear polymers of glucose which are tightly coiled in form of granules Have a characteristic shape & size depending upon  plant from which they are derived Two different types of chains: Linear – Amylose Branched-Amylopectin Amylose Contribute to gel formation…

December 18, 2017 belezza

LOW GLYCEMIC INDEX FOODS:   The glycemic index range is as follows: Low GI = 55 or less Medium GI = 56 – 69 High GI = 70 or more Breakfast Cereal Low GI All-bran (UK/Aus) 30 All-bran (US) 50 Oat bran 50 Rolled Oats 51 Special K (UK/Aus) 54 Natural Muesli 40 Porridge 58   Medium GI Bran Buds 58 Mini Wheats 58 Nutrigrain 66 Shredded Wheat 67 Porridge Oats 63 Special K (US) 69   High GI Cornflakes 80 Sultana Bran 73 Branflakes 74 Coco Pops 77 Puffed Wheat 80 Oats in Honey Bake 77 Team 82 Total 76 Cheerios 74 Rice Krispies 82…

December 18, 2017 belezza

Soft Diet Purpose The soft diet serves as a transition from liquids to a regular diet for individuals who are recovering from surgery or a long illness. It can help to ease difficulty in chewing and/or swallowing due to dental problems or extreme weakness, and it is sometimes recommended to relieve mild intestinal or stomach discomfort. The soft diet can be especially helpful to patients who are undergoing treatments like chemotherapy, or radiation to the head, neck or abdominal areas, which may cause digestive problems or make the mouth and throat very sore.  Guidelines for the Soft Diet Food Group…

December 18, 2017 belezza

20 Diuretic foods Diuretic foods are one of the best solutions for dealing with hypertension and water retention. People who are on a weight-loss regimen often make use of diuretic foods to get rid of unwanted fluids and to lower their body weight. Some people take diuretic pills to get their job done. However, rather than resorting to unwanted medication it is safer to start a diet that includes some special fruits and vegetables that are natural diuretics. Listed below are some of the most effective natural diuretic foods that can assist in lowering high blood pressure and in reducing…