December 20, 2017 belezza

More About Vegetables Are plants or parts of plants used as food. Supply many nutrients & variety to the diet Make food attractive by their colour, texture and flavour Indian Context Intake of vegetables has been too low in daily diet Expensive, need more preparation time or due to ignorance of their importance Unavailability in a particular place/season results in less consumption As they are perishable, the consumption would be limited if storage facilities are not available. Composition and Nutritive Value Protective Foods as they are rich in minerals and vitamins Nutritionally they are classified into 3 groups: -Green leafy…

December 20, 2017 belezza 1Comment

Pulses INTRODUCTION Edible fruits or seeds of pod-bearing plants : family leguminosae Keywords Legumes : Alternate name for pulses Gram : Dry legume seeds with husk Dhal : Split decorticated grains Over 13,000 plants belong to family leguminosae Nutritive value and composition Energy : 340 cal/100g 100 cal/30g (per serving) Protein Deficient in Sulphur containing amino acids e.g. methionine Pulses are rich in lysine. Cereals lack in lysine. (FAO) Soybean contains adequate tryptophan. contain mainly globulins, a few albumins. high protein content-20-40% Carbohydrate : 55-60% carbohydrates Include-starch, fibre LIPIDS- 5% lipid by dry weight. Most of the pulses contain, high…

December 20, 2017 belezza

Copper – An Essential Mineral Third most abundant essential trace mineral in the body The body of a healthy adult contains a little over 0.1 g of copper A transition metal and a trace mineral plays an important role in our metabolism, Present in: Liver, Brain and HeartAttacks free radicals as is a  strong antioxidant .  It works by attaching itself to the enzyme Superoxide dismutase (SOD).  Copper also binds to a protein to form ceruloplasmin, which is also an antioxidant. Helps the body produce energy.  Copper participates on many oxidative reactions that break down fats in fat tissue to…

December 20, 2017 belezza

All You Need To Know About Cereals Cereal crops or grains are mostly grasses  cultivated for their edible grains or a fruit seeds Principle crops Rice Wheat Maize or corn Jowar Ragi Bajra Nutritive Value Cereals provides Carbohydrate- starch (80%) Fiber Protein (6-12%) EFA Minerals (phsphates & sulphates of K, Mg & Ca  B-Complex vitamins   Starch Starch consist of linear polymers of glucose which are tightly coiled in form of granules Have a characteristic shape & size depending upon  plant from which they are derived Two different types of chains: Linear – Amylose Branched-Amylopectin Amylose Contribute to gel formation…

December 19, 2017 belezza

Guidelines For Healthy Hair Foods and Vitamins to Consume Every Day Having a healthy diet is a key factor to stopping hair loss and promoting hair growth. Depending on your schedule it may be tough to adhere to some of these standards, but most are easily followed once you make a conscious decision to stick to the plan. Some key dietary points to note: Eat a solid amount of fresh fruits and vegetables every day. Leafy greens (e.g. lettuce) and sweet juicy fruits (e.g. melons) are especially good, and fruits that are ripe are easier to digest.   Be sure to…

December 19, 2017 belezza

Guidelines for fasting Allowed food items: Kuttu ka aata(Buckwheat flour) and banyard millet(Sama chawal)—100 -150 gms/day Sweet potato 2 pieces throughout the day. Paneer(250 gms/day), cow’s milk(2 glasses) and yoghurt(2 cups) is allowed Vegetables allowed: Spinach, bottle gourd(doodhi), tomatoes, cucumber, carrots and raw papaya Makhana, Almond, pistas ,cashew nuts are allowed a handful a day. Fresh fruits allowed(2 bowls per day)   Food items to be avoided: Do not indulge in starchy and deep fried foods. Avoid potatoes, yams (suran), arbi (colocasia), sabu dana (tapioca) and raw bananas. Avoid bananas, chickoos, custard apple, mango and grapes. Do not have fried…

December 19, 2017 belezza

Guidelines for Diwali Sweets are hard to resist and during Diwali, when there is plenty of colourful sweets everywhere, it becomes even harder to resist. Remember the fact that sugar is the reason for obesity and so it is always advisable to keep the intake of sugar and starch minimal.   Specially stay away from sweets that use chemical preservatives, because the intake of such preservatives can cause damage to our kidneys and liver. It can also cause asthma attacks and cancer.   Avoid sweets that have ‘silver’ coating. Such foils are often adulterated by aluminium and aluminium being a hazardous metal can accumulate in our body…

December 19, 2017 belezza

Dietary Guidelines For Type2 Diabetes The Basics of the Type 2 Diabetes Diet To follow a healthy diet, you must first understand how different foods affect your blood sugar. Carbohydrates, which are found in grains, bread, pasta, milk, sweets, fruit, and starchy vegetables, are broken down into glucose in the blood faster than other types of food, which raises blood sugar levels. Protein and fats do not directly impact blood sugar, but both should be consumed in moderation. To hit your blood sugar level target, eat a variety of foods but monitor portions for foods with high carbohydrate content. “Carbohydrate foods…

December 19, 2017 belezza

Dietary Guidelines for Type1 Diabetes • Eat less unhealthy fat. Cut back on the saturated fats you find in high-fat meats like bacon and regular ground beef, as well as full-fat dairy like whole milk and butter. Unhealthy fats raise your chance of heart disease. With diabetes, you face higher-than-average odds of getting heart disease. Make smart food choices to lower that risk. • Get enough fiber. It may help control your blood sugar. You can get fiber from whole grains, beans, and fruits and vegetables. Try to get 25-30 grams a day. Those high-fiber foods are always better choices…

December 19, 2017 belezza

Dietary Guidelines For High Cholesterol Reduce your saturated fat intake to less than 10 percent of the total fat in your diet. Reduce the amount of dietary cholesterol you eat. Reduce your fat intake to less than 30 percent of your total diet. Eat more soluble fiber Maintain your ideal weight Food Groups Meat, Poultry, Fish, Other Protein Choose Avoid Lean Meats: Select meats with minimal marbling.  Trim away excess fat.  Generally, a serving size is about the size of a deck of cards.  Broil or grill to allow excess fat to drip away. Fatty Meats: Corned beef, mutton, ham,…